11 foods to control blood glucose levels
Throughout the ages, humans have relied on nature for their basic needs like food, shelter, clothing, transportation and not the least medicine. Plants have formed the basis of sophisticated traditional medicine system for thousands of years and continue to provide mankind with new remedies .
Many studies have confirmed the benefits of medicinal plants with hypoglycaemic effects in the management of diabetes mellitus. The effects of these plants may delay the development of diabetic complications and correct the metabolic abnormalities. Moreover, during the past few years some of the new bioactive drugs isolated from hypoglycaemic plants showed antidiabetic activity with more efficacy than oral hypoglycaemic agents used in clinical therapy .
I believe that the list of potential hypoglycaemic plants portrayed below will be valuable to the readers to keep the blood sugar in control:
1. Aloe Barbedensis (Aloe vera).
2. Aegle marmelos (Bengal Quince, Bilva)Administration of aqueous extract of leaves improves digestion and reduces blood sugar and urea, serum cholesterol. Along with exhibiting hypoglycemic activity, this extract also prevented peak rise in blood sugar at 1h in oral glucose tolerance test .
3. Coccinia Indica (Ivy gourd).
4. Coriander Sativum (Coriander).
5. Momordica charantia (Bitter melon).
6. Trigonella foenum-graecum (Fenugreek).
7. Ocimum sanctum (Holy basil)It is commonly known as Tulsi. Since ancient times, this plant is known for its medicinal properties. The aqueous extract of leaves of Ocimum sanctum showed significant reduction in blood sugar level. Leaves of this plant also showed antiasthemitic, antistress, antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antitumor, gastric antiulcer activity, antioxidant, antimutagenic and immunostimulant activities .
8. Eugenia jambolana (Indian gooseberry).
9. Green tea.
10. Syzygium cumini (Jambu)Jambu is a large tree and commonly known as Jambolan or Black Plum found throughout the plains. Juice extracted from the leaf is mixed with honey or cow’s milk and fresh fruits are taken orally. It is one of the significant antidiabetic plant and it has long been reported for its use in many pharmacological activities mainly diabetes. Clinical and experimental studies suggest that different parts of the plant especially fruits, seeds and stem bark possess promising activity against diabetes mellitus .
11. Gymnema sylvestre (Schultes)A climbing shrub commonly found in the plains of central and southern India. Dried leaves are pounded and the fine powder thus obtained is taken orally along with milk. Dosage: About 50 ml is taken twice a day after food for 120 days to treat diabetes .
ConclusionBased on numerous clinical trials, Diabetic patients can use these medicinal plants as dietary supplements along with diabetes medications to control hyperglycemia. Healthy adults can also consume these herbs regularly to keep diabetes at bay and lead a healthy life. Moreover all these hebs are easily available and affordable and has no side effects when compared to antihyperglycemic drugs.
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